Resilience, defined as behavioral, functional, social, and cultural resources and capacities utilized under adverse circumstances Fredriksen-Goldsen, , is important for cultivating successful aging. We hypothesize that married participants will have greater socioeconomic and social resources, fewer LGBT contextual and identity risks, and better health and QOL compared to those unmarried partnered, and that those single will have the fewest resources and face the greatest risks. The purpose of this study is to examine how legal marriage and relationship status are associated with health-promoting and at-risk factors, health, and quality of life of LGBT adults aged 50 and older. We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: Older LGB adults report feeling skeptical of health care professionals and reluctant to rely on a system that has historically discriminated against them and pathologized their communities Brotman, Ryan, and Cormier ; Butler and Hope ; Deevey ; Jackson, Johnson, and Roberts ; McFarland and Sanders
It's a huge worry. Abstract Purpose of the Study: The constraints shaped by the historical worlds of the current LGB cohorts are both cultural and sociopolitical and include, among other dimensions, social stigma surrounding an LGB identity and a lack of equal legal rights for same-sex couples and LGB individuals. Although marriage is associated with better security of resources and health among older adults in general, there is a dearth of knowledge about how marriage may influence the lives, health, and well-being of LGBT older adults. We examine the demographic characteristics of LGBT adults aged 50 and older who are married, unmarried partnered, and single, and analyze how health-promoting and at-risk factors and outcomes are associated with relationship status by gender. Moreover, there are gender differences in economic resources by relationship status. Among women, being legally married was associated with more LGBT microaggressions. A majority of older LGB adults utilize both health services in the general community and formal supports in LGB communities. Parks divided her lesbian sample into age cohorts: There are substantial numbers of older gay men living with HIV. Both authors found that older lesbians and gay men came of age at a time in which they lost access to social support if they openly identified their sexual orientation Parks ; Rosenfeld The HEPM posits that intersections between social positions e. Transgender older adults, compared to nontransgender LGB older adults, experience elevated risks of poor physical health, disability, depressive symptomatology, and perceived stress Fredriksen-Goldsen, Cook-Daniels, et al. Longitudinal research is needed to understand factors contributing to decisions to marry, including short- and long-term economic, social, and health outcomes associated with legal marriage among LGBT older adults. One study did not collect data on gender. Socioeconomic Resources Economic resources shape health-promoting and at-risk factors and may influence and be influenced by relationship status. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Female same-sex couples are more likely to live in poverty than heterosexual couples and male same-sex couples U. From June to November , survey participants were recruited through a community-based collaboration with 11 sites across the United States. Resilience Framework To better understand the ways in which LGBT older adults achieve full health potential and successful aging, a resilience model incorporating a multidimensional and life course perspective including the larger social context as well as personal and social resources is essential. Here are six of them: Increasingly, the elderly are turning to their adult children for their care. Another finding is that more than half of the older LGB adults do not have adequate services available to assist with their physical and psychological needs McFarland and Sanders Supreme Court was willing to recognize federal marriage for same-sex couples. As for having adult children: LGBT older adults may experience aging-related challenges in their physical and mental health QOL as observed in the general population.
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